Autistic Spectrum Disorder Essay

Autistic Spectrum Disorder Essay

Autistic Spectrum Disorder

Autism spectrum disorder is a developmental condition characterized by communication challenges, repetitive and restricted behavior, and difficulties with social interactions (Lord, et al, 2018). The parents of the caregivers usually notice the clinical features within the first three years. The severity of the symptoms and the response to treatment typically vary. The clinical features develop gradually with others experiencing worse social and communication skills and failure to achieve critical environmental milestones. According to Eissa, et al, (2018), the chronic illness can be treated by various strategies including the use of FDA-approved medications, off-label drugs and non-pharmacological interventions. Autistic Spectrum Disorder Essay


Olanzepine is an example of an off-label drug used to treat autistic spectrum disorder. The medication is effective and beneficial in treating aggression and behavioral disorders in autistic children (Hesapcioglu, et al, 2020). Autistic children with visual and hearing impairment often have a poor focus on objects, misaligned eyes, or extreme light sensitivity. Hearing deficits are characterized by difficulties in comprehending words, communicating, and muffing speeches. The clinical features of autism mostly present in early childhood, and some may persist up to adulthood. Some of the common presentations of autism are indifference to the caregivers, lack of response when called, and reduced eye contact. Autistic Spectrum Disorder Essay

Risperidone is an example of an FDA-approved medication for treating autism. The drug is effective in reducing irritability among autistic children (Hesapcioglu, et al, 2020). The clinical presentation may be different for other children who could show signs of aggression, become withdrawn, and lose already acquired language skills. In many cases, the clinical features are seen after two years of life. However, each child is likely to present a unique behavior pattern and severity from high functioning to low functioning. Some autistic children present with learning difficulties and may be characterized by low intelligence. Other children with autism may have standard learning capacities but challenges wit communication and coping with social situations. Autistic Spectrum Disorder Essay

Behavioral therapies are useful non-pharmacological treatment for autism. Some of the behavioral therapies useful for caring for children with autism include cognitive behavioral therapy, psychoeducation, neurofeedback, and parent management training (Eissa, et al, 2018). Other behavioral approaches are organization training, behavioral peer intervention, and social skills training.

Dietary modification has also been shown to be an effective strategy for caring for a child with autism. A practical approach recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics is that children with autism could benefit from increased amounts of free fatty acids and reduced quantities of food colorings (Lee, et al, 2018). The children with autism present with challenges in executive functions and emotional regulation. The symptoms should be present for more than six months before the age of twelve for positive diagnosis. Managing a child with autistic spectrum disorder should focus on improving concentration, interpersonal interactions, and communication skills. Autistic Spectrum Disorder Essay

In conclusion, effective management of a child with autism involves incorporating FDA-approved medications, off-label, and non-medication approaches such as dietary intervention. The approaches aim to enhance the concentration, social skills, and communication skills of the child with autism.  Some of the adverse effects of the off-label medication that should be considered in risk assessment include weight loss, dizziness, nausea, insomnia, sore throat, tachycardia, and constipation.

Please update your APA format 7. link of the paper comes with the reference. use perrla for more info. The Assignment (1–2 pages) Recommend one FDA-approved drug, one off-label drug, and one nonpharmacological intervention for treating your assigned disorder in children and adolescents. Explain the risk assessment you would use to inform your treatment decision making. What are the risks and benefits of the FDA-approved medicine? What are the risks and benefits of the off-label drug? Explain whether clinical practice guidelines exist for this disorder and, if so, use them to justify your recommendations. If not, explain what information you would need to take into consideration. Support your reasoning with at least three scholarly resources, one each on the FDA-approved drug, the off-label, and a non-medication intervention for the disorder. Attach the PDFs of your sources. Autistic Spectrum Disorder Essay Autistic Spectrum Disorder Essay


Eissa, N., Al-Houqani, M., Sadeq, A., Ojha, S. K., Sasse, A., & Sadek, B. (2018). Current enlightenment about etiology and pharmacological treatment of autism spectrum disorder. Frontiers in neuroscience12, 304.

Hesapcioglu, S. T., Ceylan, M. F., Kasak, M., & Sen, C. P. (2020). Olanzapine, risperidone, and aripiprazole use in children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum DisordersResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders72, 101520.

Lee, R. W., Corley, M. J., Pang, A., Arakaki, G., Abbott, L., Nishimoto, M., … & Wong, M. (2018). A modified ketogenic gluten-free diet with MCT improves behavior in children with autism spectrum disorder. Physiology & behavior188, 205-211.

Lord, C., Elsabbagh, M., Baird, G., & Veenstra-Vanderweele, J. (2018). Autism spectrum disorder. The Lancet392(10146), 508-520. Autistic Spectrum Disorder Essay

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