Childhood and Adolescent Obesity in the United States Essay

Childhood and Adolescent Obesity in the United States Essay

Health Assessment

Describe the contemporary issue and explain what external stressors are associated with this issue.

Obesity is an issue of concern among adolescent population as about 17% of children in the USA are obese. The concern is that obesity affects every aspect of life to include physical and psychological wellbeing. In addition, obesity is associated with other medical conditions to result in morbid outcomes. Consequently, the occurrence of morbidity links to depression, poor self-esteem, sleep apnea, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and hypertension. If the obesity is left unaddressed, then the child is likely to suffer digestive and cardiovascular diseases as an adult (Sanyaolu et al., 2019). Childhood and Adolescent Obesity in the United States Essay

Obesity is defined as body mass index (BMI) equaling or exceeding 95th percentile for age and gender. Although it is largely caused by genetics and some disorders, obesity incidences among adolescents are mainly caused by consuming more calories than what they need for physical activity, and lack of physical activity (Selekman, Shannon & Yonkaitis, 2019).

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The occurrence of obesity is associated with stress and physical activity. In fact, stress positively and significantly correlates with obesity such that high stress levels is associated with higher incidences of obesity while low stress levels is associated with low incidences of obesity. In addition, physical activity is associated with obesity prevalence since a sedentary lifestyle is associated with high obesity incidences while a physically active lifestyle is associated with low incidences of obesity (Roy et al., 2021).

Outline assessment strategies to screen for this issue and external stressors during an assessment for an adolescent patient.

The assessment for screening obesity can be conducted using BMI, other anthropometric methods, and skin fold clippers to measure body fat percentage. BMI method takes a measure of the weight relative to the height to present an index {BMI = kg/ m2} that is related to excess body fat although not a direct measure of fat. BMI exceeding 29.9 is considered obese. Other anthropometric methods include waist circumference, hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio, and skin fold fat thickness (pinch test). In addition to the anthropometric methods, obesity is determined using bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA), dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), Computerized Axial Tomography Scan (CAT scan), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Ultra sound, near-infrared interactance, body density, body volume, and isotope labelled water (Uzogara, 2016).

Describe what additional assessment questions you would need to ask and define the ethical parameters regarding what you can and cannot share with the parent or guardian.

Other than the screening, questions can be asked about the individual’s lifestyle. The questions look at the eating habits, food intake, psychological wellbeing presence of stress), and physical activity (Selekman, Shannon & Yonkaitis, 2019). Childhood and Adolescent Obesity in the United States Essay

Discuss support options for adolescents encountering external stressors. Include specific support options for the contemporary issue you presented.

To prevent obesity and address obesity among adolescents, the focus should be placed primarily on factors that affect physical activity and food intake. This includes ensuring that the adolescent engages in adequate physical activity and eats regular healthy meals. In addition, the calorie intake should match the physical activity so that no excess calories are left and stored in the body as fat. Besides that, the adolescent’s psychological health should be assessed and appropriate care provided to avoid stress (Selekman, Shannon & Yonkaitis, 2019).

Requires Lopeswrite Assessment Description Research the range of contemporary issues teenagers face today. In a 500-750-word paper, choose one issue (besides teen pregnancy) and discuss its effect on adolescent behavior and overall well-being. Include the following in your submission: Describe the contemporary issue and explain what external stressors are associated with this issue. Outline assessment strategies to screen for this issue and external stressors during an assessment for an adolescent patient. Describe what additional assessment questions you would need to ask and define the ethical parameters regarding what you can and cannot share with the parent or guardian. Discuss support options for adolescents encountering external stressors. Include specific support options for the contemporary issue you presented. You are required to cite a minimum of three peer-reviewed sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years, appropriate for the assignment criteria, and relevant to nursing practice. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required. This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion. You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance. Childhood and Adolescent Obesity in the United States Essay

References

Roy, S. K., Jahan, K., Alam, N., Rois, R., Ferdaus, A., Israt, S., & Karim, M. R. (2021). Perceived stress, eating behavior, and overweight and obesity among urban adolescents. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 40, Article number 54. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41043-021-00279-2

Sanyaolu, A., Okorie, C., Qi, X., Locke, J., & Rehman, S. (2019). Childhood and Adolescent Obesity in the United States: A Public Health Concern. Global Pediatric Health, 6, 2333794X19891305. https://doi.org/10.1177/2333794X19891305

Selekman, J., Shannon, R., & Yonkaitis, C. (2019). School Nursing: A Comprehensive Text (3rd ed.). F.A. Davis Company.

Uzogara, S. G. (2016). Assessment of obesity, presumed and proven causes and prevention strategies: a review. Advances in Obesity, Weight Management & Control, 5(1), 199-217. https://doi.org/10.15406/aowmc.2016.05.00121 Childhood and Adolescent Obesity in the United States Essay

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