Community Health Nursing Interventions Essay

Community Health Nursing Interventions Essay

Community health nursing interventions

The Spread Of Hepatitis B In The Community And Among Healthcare Professionals

Discussion Question: What community health nursing intervention strategies will best be suited to address your selected health concern? How you will integrate these methods into your project? Your initial posting should be 400 words in length and utilize at least one scholarly source other than the textbook. Please reply to at least two classmates. Replies to classmates should be a minimum of 200 words in length. DQ1 UMBO – 1, 2 DQ1 PLG – 5, 6 DQ1 CLO –1, 3, 4 Community Health Nursing Interventions Essay

Hepatitis B is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus. It is the leading cause of liver failure, liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. The modes of transmission are through direct contact with blood, semen, and other body fluids (Seto, et al, 2018). Hepatitis B infection is a common hospital-acquired infection traditionally associated with blood transfusion, inappropriate waste segregation, and disposal. For example, accidental needle sticks and direct contact with the patient’s body fluid. At the community level, the modes of transmission are unprotected sexual contact with an infected person, sharing needles among the drug users, and mother-to-child during breastfeeding. In the pediatric ward, hepatitis B transmission is through direct contact with other patients with hepatitis B and immunosuppression. Increased rate of mortalities and morbidities related to hepatitis B infection sensitized healthcare workers to initiate preventive strategies.


Hepatitis B is prevented through the hepatitis B vaccine, practicing healthy habits such as wearing protective equipment, proper waste segregation, and disposal (Shan, et al, 2018). The WHO proposed measures for prevention are vaccinating all the people at risk such as the health care workers, immunosuppressed patients, injecting drug users, people living in the same house with HBV infected person, and hemodialysis patients. This will reduce the rate of infections and mortalities among healthcare providers and the community. Protective gears used by healthcare professionals are loves and face masks to prevent direct blood and body fluid contact. Other healthy habits are avoiding sharing personal items such as toothbrushes, razors, and injections. Proper waste segregation and disposal prevents accidents such as needle pricks. Community Health Nursing Interventions Essay

Strategies Integrated To Curb The Transmission Of Hepatitis B

The community and hospital stakeholders developed a successful intervention plan to prevent infections in the hospitals. Stakeholders are a group of people representing various departments and have the best interests towards the organization. The strategies involved defining the outcome, planning the intervention, starting the first step with a control population, scaling the intervention, monitoring the progress, and sharing the best practice with the others (Shan, et al, 2018). In this situation, the outcome definition is to reduce the rate of new infections and mortalities associated with hepatitis in the hospital and the community. This goal is specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and within a time frame. Planning interventions carefully involves listing the possible methods that would benefit the groups of people at risk with the readily available resources. Then, start small by using a control group that is small and manageable to test and learn how the intervention works. The small group’s feedback enables one to know the progress they are making towards achieving the goal. Scaling of the intervention is the fourth step which involves determining the effectiveness and the cost of intervention. Monitoring the progress of the intervention helps to know its efficiency and effectiveness in reducing mortalities and morbidities. Sharing the best practice by the various departmental representatives after the study involves training the staff on the different ways to prevent spread. During the study, the stakeholders learn effective drugs and their adverse effects. It also gives them confidence during their practice because it is evidence-based. The healthcare professionals then train the patients on the signs and preventive measures. This will help in reducing the new infections and mortalities.


Seto, W. K., Lo, Y. R., Pawlotsky, J. M., & Yuen, M. F. (2018). Chronic hepatitis B virus infection. The Lancet392(10161), 2313-2324.

Shan, S., Cui, F., & Jia, J. (2018). How to control highly endemic hepatitis B in Asia. Liver International38, 122-125.


Community Health Nursing Interventions Essay

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