Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions Essay Paper

Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions Essay Paper

Case summary

Above is a case study for a patient with renal calculi. Read the case study and provide 1 nursing diagnosis with 2 nursing interventions for credit. This is worth 5% of your grade in class Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions Essay Paper

Mrs. Condiff is a 35years-old female with severe right sided flank pain, nauseated, vomiting, dysuria, urgency, and frequency of urination. Her vital signs are blood pressure 142/90, pulse 110, respirations 22, and temperature of 99.8°F (37.7°C) Oxygen saturation is 98% on room air.


Nursing Diagnosis

Nursing diagnosis is acute pain due to impaired urinary elimination. The acute pain is a result of increased ureter contractions, tissue trauma, cellular ischemia, and edema due to the renal calculi. The patient presents with colicky pain, anxiety, and masking of facial pain. The pain is associated with urinary symptoms such as dysuria, urgency, and frequency. Pain-related to urinary symptoms is usually at the flank region radiating to the abdomen. Hence, causing gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea and vomiting. The patient’s vitals are blood pressure at 142/90mmHg, pulse rate at 110 beats per minute, and respiratory rate at 22 cycles per minute. These vitals are high due to increased intensity of pain ad restlessness.

The nursing interventions involve treating acute pain and urinary symptoms. Acute pain depends on the intensity of the pain. This patient’s pain is so intense that she describes it as nine on a scale of 0-10. The pain is at the flank region and results in restlessness as the patient is noticed walking around. An analgesic such as Tylenol helps relieve the pain and the anxiety. The nurse should offer bed rest for this patient until the pain is relieved. Bed rest reduces muscle tension, enhances coping, and promotes relaxation. Pain treatment helps regulate blood pressure, pulse rate, and respiratory rate. Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions Essay Paper

Impaired urinary elimination interventions include inserting urinary catheters. Encourage vigorous hydration of at least three liters of fluid in 24 hours to relieve the symptoms such as dysuria. Hydration helps in dissolving the renal calculi.

Case Study

Mrs. Condiff is a 35-year-old female who presents to the emergency department with the chief complaint of severe right sided flank pain which began one day ago. She reports feeling nauseated and has vomited once today. Mrs. Condiff does not show any outward appearance of pain but is having some difficulty sitting still. She states, “I feel the need to constantly walk around.” Upon further questioning, the client reveals a history of dysuria, urgency, and frequency of urination. As the nurse obtains a history, she notes that the client has no facial grimace and is not making eye contact. The client states, “I am sorry to come in with this pain, I have tried to treat it at home with Creeping Charlie but it just did not help.”

Nursing assessment findings include pale, moist skin, costovertebral tenderness, and restlessness. Her vital signs are blood pressure 142/90, pulse 110, respirations 22, and temperature of 99.8°F (37.7°C) Oxygen saturation is 98% on room air. The emergency physician evaluates Mrs. Condiff and orders the following: (a) urinalysis, strain all urine, (b) white blood count (WBC), (c) comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP), (d) intravenous pyelogram (IVP), (e) 1 liter 0.9% Sodium Chloride bolus, (f) Morphine 4mg IV, and (g) Zofran (ondansetron) 4mg IV. No physician orders have yet been implemented. The emergency physician informs the nurse that he suspects renal calculi to be the cause of this client’s pain. Upon further assessment, the physician reports that the client has a family history of renal calculi. Mrs. Condiff rates the pain at a 9 on a 0-10 pain scale.

List one nursing diagnosis for this patient with 2 nursing interventions. Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions Essay Paper

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