Pediatric Bipolar Depression Disorder

Pediatric Bipolar Depression Disorder

Bipolar disorder (BD) was thought to be a disease affecting older individuals only. However, there is scientific evidence proving that chronic ailment affects young children and adolescents. In fact, Renk, White, Lauer, McSwiggan, Puff and Lowell (2014) state that an overall assessment conducted revealed about 1.8% of children and adolescents suffer from pediatric bipolar depression disorder. However, it is evident that the applicability of current BD diagnostic criteria does not provide elaborate assessment frameworks in ascertaining the existence of the disease in a child. It is imperative that stakeholders in the pediatric scope of practice conduct further research to alleviate dependable ways of diagnosing children for pediatric bipolar depression disorder.


Bipolar Disorder in Children (Pediatric Bipolar Depression Disorder)

Pediatric bipolar depression disorder bears detrimental effects on the growth and development of a child. Notably, victims experience problems in their cognitive and motor skills. However, Sparkset al. (2014) state that there are no elaborate procedures used to precisely diagnose the young generation for the disease. In the long run, clinicians may end up making wrong inferences, an aspect that would lead to errors in application of psychotherapeutic and pharmacological interventions.

Diagnostic Criteria and Opinion

Despite the setbacks, it is apparent that the current diagnostic measures applied to determine the presence of pediatric bipolar depression disorder have recorded minimal errors. In fact, Amerio, Odone, Liapis and Ghaemi (2014) elaborate that through the current criteria, clinicians have identified the presence of anger and rage amongst young victims. Besides, the diagnostic framework is able to recognize the effects of depressive episodes amongst children suffering from pediatric bipolar depression disorder, and its effects on their lives. Particularly, Fristad and MacPherson (2014) state kids experiencing these chronic episodes exhibit fatigue, diminished appetites and poor concentration. The aspects affect their learning and development processes. Pediatric Bipolar Depression Disorder

Based on the facts, it is imperative that clinicians use the available frameworks to conduct diagnosis on children for the presence of pediatric bipolar depression disorder. However, there is need for researchers to conduct further studies and device a precise dependable diagnostic criteria.


Amerio, A., Odone, A., Liapis, C. C., & Ghaemi, S. N. (2014). Diagnostic validity of comorbid bipolar disorder and obsessive–compulsive disorder: a systematic review. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 129(5), 343-358.

Fristad, M. A., & MacPherson, H. A. (2014). Evidence-based psychosocial treatments for child and adolescent bipolar spectrum disorders. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 43(3), 339-355.

Renk, K., White, R., Lauer, B. A., McSwiggan, M., Puff, J., & Lowell, A. (2014). Bipolar disorder in children. Psychiatry journal, 2014. doi:  10.1155/2014/928685

Sparks, G. M., Axelson, D. A., Yu, H., Ha, W., Ballester, J., Diler, R. S., … & Monk, K. (2014). Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder and chronic irritability in youth at familial risk for bipolar disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 53(4), 408-416.


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