Picot Statement and Literature Search

Picot Statement and Literature Search


The first step of the EBP process is to develop a question from the nursing practice problem of interest.

Select a practice problem of interest to use as the focus of your research Picot Statement and Literature Search.

Start with the patient and identify the clinical problems or issues that arise from clinical care.

Following the PICOT format, write a PICOT statement in your selected practice problem area of interest, which is applicable to your proposed capstone project.

The PICOT statement will provide a framework for your capstone project (the project students must complete during their final course in the RN-BSN program of study).

Conduct a literature search to locate research articles focused on your selected practice problem of interest. This literature search should include both quantitative and qualitative peer-reviewed research articles to support your practice problem.

Select six peer-reviewed research articles which will be utilized through the next 5 weeks as reference sources. Be sure that some of the articles use qualitative research and that some use quantitative research. Create a reference list in which the six articles are listed. Beneath each reference include the article’s abstract. The completed assignment should have a title page and a reference list with abstracts Picot Statement and Literature Search.


Suggestions for locating qualitative and quantitative research articles from credible sources:

Use a library database such as CINAHL Complete for your search.

Using the advanced search page check the box beside “Research Article” in the “Limit Your Results” section.

When setting up the search you can type your topic in the top box, then add quantitative or qualitative as a search term in one of the lower boxes. Research articles often are described as qualitative or quantitative.

To narrow/broaden your search, remove the words qualitative and quantitative and include words that narrow or broaden your main topic. For example: Diabetes and pediatric and dialysis. To determine what research design was used, review the abstract and the methods section of the article. The author will provide a description of data collection using qualitative or quantitative methods.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are not required to submit this assignment to Turnitin.

PICOT Statement

Nurses are noted for playing an important role in the medical intervention thereby identifying them as a critical success factor for surgery. In this case, despite evidence that nurses are critical to the success of bariatric surgery, their roles are typically downplayed and their contribution attributed to other medical professions. Thus, the question is; for the bariatric surgery patients (P), do knowledgeable nurses with defined roles (I) improve their care outcomes (O) when contrasted with situations whereby the nurses’ roles are not clearly delineated (C) measured over four months period (T)?

The presented PICOT statement identifies bariatric surgery patients during the pre-operative, operative and post-operative periods as the population of interest. The intervention is the engagement of nurses who are knowledgeable about their role in the medical care provision and what is expected of them to ensure a positive outcome. The comparison is for use of nurses who are not knowledgeable about what is expected of them in the care of bariatric surgery patients. The anticipated outcome is improved care outcomes in bariatric surgery with minimal complications Picot Statement and Literature Search.

Literature Search

An initial literature search was conducted that identified six journal articles as the preliminary sources of literature as presented. These literature informed the research question, identified the problem, and sought to present a viable solution to the problem. It must be noted that the selected literature serves the purpose of ascertaining and categorising the elements of the question to add to an understanding of the issues that nursing staff face and the solutions that may be adopted during the course of bariatric surgery patients receiving medical care. In essence, a broad search approach was advanced to ascertain the position that nurses play in the care of bariatric surgery patients. Only referenced publications, medical specifically journals, were sought after to facilitate the research. The six articles has been presented as follows:

Awad, S., Carter, S. & Purkayastha, S., Hakky, S., Moorthy, K. … & Ahmed, A. (2014). Enhanced Recovery After Bariatric Surgery (ERABS): Clinical outcomes from a tertiary referral bariatric centre. Obes Surg. 24(5), 753-758. DOI: 10.1007/s11695-013-1151-4.

Fencl, J., Walsh, A. & Vocke, D. (2015). The bariatric patient: an overview of perioperative care. AORN, 102(2), 116-131. DOI: 10.1016/j.aorn.2015.05.007.

Homer, C., Tod, A., Thompson, A., Allmark, P. & Goyder, E. (2016). Expectations and patients’ experiences of obesity prior to bariatric surgery: a qualitative study. BMJ Open 6:e009389. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009389. Retrieved from http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/6/2/e009389

Jeong, S., Ann, H., Kim, J., Choi, H., Kim, C. … Kim, J. (2013). Incidence and risk factors for surgical site infection after gastric surgery: a multicenter prospective cohort study. Infect Chemother., 45(4), 422–430. DOI: 10.3947/ic.2013.45.4.422. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3902821/

Nightingale, C., Margarson, M., Shearer, E., Redman, J., Lucas, D. … & Griffiths, R. (2015). Peri-operative management of the obese surgical patient 2015. Anaesthesia, 70(7), 859-879.

Smith, S., James, A., Brogan, A., Adamson, E. & Gentleman, M. (2016). Reflections about experiences of compassionate care from award winning undergraduate nurses – What, so what … now what? Journal of Compassionate Health Care, 3(6). DOI: 10.1186/s40639-016-0023-x. Retrieved from https://jcompassionatehc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40639-016-0023-x Picot Statement and Literature Search.


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