Psychotherapy Modalities Essay Examples
Psychotherapy Modalities Essay Examples
Psychotherapy is a treatment modality that helps patients with emotional difficulties and mental illnesses. It helps a patient function better and increases wellbeing and healing by eliminating their symptoms. Psychotherapy guides the psychologist through the process of understanding clients and their problems to develop solutions. Psychotherapy has three broad categories that include psychodynamic and psychoanalysis therapies, cognitive and behavioral therapy, humanistic therapy, and integrative holistic therapy (Markowitz, et al, 2021). The purpose of this essay is to describe the humanistic psychology, its key components, historical background and assumptions, theories, treatment evaluations, and application. Psychotherapy Modalities Essay Examples
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Humanistic psychology believes that people are good and help in reaching their potential by exploring their uniqueness. People are motivated to reach their potential through self-actualization. In such a case the client takes the full conversation to allow them to focus discover their authentic selves and find solutions. The therapist is usually a non-judgmental and respectful listener who guides the therapeutic process. The feelings, thoughts, perception, and are more central to how you feel about yourself that indicates safe behavior (Renger, S., & Macaskill, A. 2021). Reaching a personal full potential should be a natural process in all people that includes having free will, taking responsibility for your behavior for personal growth and fulfillment. People can be good with the right set of conditions, especially during childhood. A psychologist should treat each case individually as each person is different with unique experiences.
Humanistic psychotherapy uses unstructured interviews, observations, and open-ended questionnaires. The psychologist seeks to understand how you feel or think without focusing on particular sessions making it easy to give open feedback. Its focus is on the daily activities of a patient, unlike other psychotherapies that focus on the previous experience. They focus on the individual holistically rather than treating the symptoms. Humanistic therapies are important in people by making the lasting change over time. It stresses the inherent value of human beings and focuses on the ability and willingness to maintain dignity while growing in self-respect and competence (Renger, S., & Macaskill, A. 2021). This type of therapy is helpful in patients with trauma, psychosis, depression, coping with chronic health issues, and relationships difficulties. However, this psychotherapeutic modality may not work towards a specific treatment goal because they do not prioritize diagnosis. Humanistic therapy offers person-centered therapy, unconditional positive regard, free will, self-concept, self-actualization, peak experiences, and a fully functioning person. Psychotherapy Modalities Essay Examples
Key Components Of Humanistic Therapy
Humanistic therapy emphasizes the importance of being your true self to lead the most fulfilling life. In this theory, people believe that they are good at heart and are capable of making the right choices for themselves. The approaches of humanistic therapy are empathy, unconditional positive regard, and genuine concern for the experience (Gelso, C. J. 2018). Empathy allows the therapists to relate with experiences from their perspectives. Unconditional positive regard enables the therapist to be receptive, show warmth, and be nonjudgmental. Genuine concern or authenticity allows the therapist to disclose who they are (Wheeler, K. 2013). These components work by individualizing the therapy to fit with the personal goals, values, and preferences of each client. This optimal personalized environment facilitates the client’s acceptance, change, and personal growth resulting in a reduction of symptoms.
Assumptions Of Humanistic Therapy
Humanistic psychology is innately good and holds moral values, ethical values, and good intentions. However, some fundamental assumptions of humanistic psychology include the subjective experience of the individual as a primary indicator of behavior. The experience of feeling, remembering, thinking, sensing, and perceiving is central (Wheeler, K. 2013). The humanistic theory assumes that an accurate understanding of human behavior cannot be perceived by studying animals. Self-actualization is a natural process that needs a person to reach their full potential. Free will exists and individuals should take personal responsibility for self-growth and fulfillment (Joseph, S. 2019). However, not all behavior is established. Each person’s experience is unique. Therefore, the psychologists in humanistic theory treat each case individually rather than relying on average from group studies. Humanistic therapy believes that people are inherently good and experience growth if provided with suitable conditions, especially in childhood. Humanist therapy is believing that the focus on the individual is more beneficial and informative than a focus group with similar characteristics. Psychotherapy Modalities Essay Examples
Historical Background Of Humanistic Therapy
Humanistic therapy started in the middle age when humanism was born. The early humanism movement started in the 15th century as a protest against closed-minded religion. It later evolved in the 1950s to the modern humanistic psychology that involved clinical psychologists, social workers, and counselors who were against behaviorism and psychoanalysis. Later in the 20th century, it evolved to behaviorism and psychoanalysis (Wheeler, K. 2013). Psychoanalysis helped in understanding the internal instincts that control behavior. Behaviorism and psychoanalysis contributed to the understanding of human behavior. The humanistic theory continued to grow after the 20th century through Abraham Maslow’s motivation and personality literature about constructing a positive approach to individuals that see people as inherently good with a built-in actualizing tendency and a concentration for positive growth.
Major Theorist Of Humanistic Therapy
Humanistic theories stress the importance of the human factors rather than looking at the religious, divine, or spiritual matters. These theories instill ethical responsibilities that lead to a personally fulfilling life. In addition, the theories emphasize the personal worth of an individual, centrality of the human values, and the creative, active nature of humans. Abraham Maslow’s and carl Rodgers’s humanistic theories focused on the growth potentials of individuals and believed that people should strive to become self-actualized. The carl Rodgers humanistic theory states that all people possess an inherent need to grow and achieve their potential (Renger, S., & Macaskill, A. 2021). The need for self-actualization drives human behavior. In addition, he states that receiving unconditional positive regard and pursuing self-actualization enables people to come together to a state of reaching congruency. A fully functioning person lives their best life at the moment and has a flexible self-concept, openness to experience, ability to live in harmony with others, and unconditional regard for the self. Abraham Maslow’s humanistic psychology is based on the desire to reach the self-actualization stage. His theory states that emotionally healthy people when in complete harmony with the world around them meet the self-actualization goal.
Therapeutic Components Of Humanistic Therapy
The therapeutic components in humanistic therapies are client-centered therapy, gestalt therapy, existential therapy, and logotherapy (Wheeler, K. 2013). Gestalt therapy is a modality that allows one to express their personal experiences along what they are going through in real life. This must include non-resolved conflicts with romantic partners and family members. Client-centered therapy is the main type of humanistic therapy. It states that the idea of absorbing criticism or disapproval distorts how a person’s perspective of themselves (Qiu, H., & Tay, D. 2021). This blocks them from living fulfilled life and blocking their personal growth. Existential therapy draws more therapy from philosophy than most other approaches to mental health treatment. The goal of this approach is to help you understand how your existence affects the world your unique worldview. Logotherapy focuses on helping people to find ways of enduring difficult situations in life. It helps in relieving symptoms of grief, depression, and trauma. Psychotherapy Modalities Essay Examples
Treatment evaluation gives an insight into why a specific intervention is effective. It also explains how a method works and defines its effects on a certain population. Treatment evaluations are conducted by interviewing and making observations of patients’ behavior during their visits. The focus is on coherence, cognitive participation, collective action, and reflexive monitoring (Cooper, et al, 2021). It also explains the professional factors that led to the implementation of humanistic therapy. Patients with depression, guilt, anxiety, and stress reported improved symptoms. In addition, they reported long-term results after attending therapy. A randomized controlled study in a school setting to students with anxiety and depression symptoms explains that humanistic therapy is effective and had a positive clinical and holistic impact to the participants. Moreover, it is cost effective and easy to maintain all the sessions. The pastoral team in the school assists in the personalized counseling sessions (Stafford, et al, 2018). However, the challenges in the study are developing a protocol for monitoring, reporting, and obtaining parent consent. In a study by Bennion, et al, (2020), more than half of the population did not meet the criteria for anxiety disorder after two years of therapy. Humanistic therapy also reduces the chances for relapse after treatment initiation. There are reports of a complete change of behavior and personality in patients under humanistic therapy. Research done by cooper et al (2021) states that the humanistic therapy, reduce psychological distress among adolescents despite the additional economic costs.
Gestalt therapy provides a state of safe emergency that solves the current bothersome situation. This modality enables a patient to determine their emotions by role-playing, reenacting a scenario, and exaggerating a behavior. Client-centered therapy works by unconditional acceptance by the therapist (Cooper, et al, 2021). This feeling helps the patient to avoid holding back in the fear of disapproval. The existence theory enables them to understand and explore the meaning they give to things that happen in their life.
Humanist theory for anxiety helps the therapist use paradoxical intention to exaggerate the feeling of anxiety so that they can see their capability of facing their fears. This theory helps the patient see anxiety as an inevitable part of life that restricts potential, hence avoiding seeking their fulfillment due to failure. Humanistic theory is applied in guilt to enable a patient to have an opportunity for growth and positive action rather than dwell on their previous experience. Therefore, the patient can move to a place of ease into a more meaningful life (Qiu, H., & Tay, D. 2021). The therapist uses these theories to help the client explore how to meet their full potential by identifying unique strengths and talents. They also explore ways of increasing motivation, energy, and engagement with life. Psychotherapy Modalities Essay Examples
Psychotherapy is a treatment modality that helps patients with emotional difficulties and mental illnesses to function better and increase their wellbeing. Humanistic psychology believes that people are good and help in reaching their potential by exploring their uniqueness. The feelings, thoughts, perception, and are more central to how you feel about yourself that indicates safe behavior. Reaching a personal full potential should be a natural process in all people that includes having free will, taking responsibility for your behavior for personal growth and fulfillment. Humanistic therapy started in the middle age when humanism was born. Since then it has evolved into behaviorism. The therapist is usually a non-judgmental and respectful listener who guides the therapeutic process. Humanistic therapy is helpful in patients with trauma, psychosis, depression, coping with chronic health issues, and relationships difficulties. Abraham Maslow’s and carl Rodgers’s humanistic theories focused on the growth potentials of individuals and believed that people should strive to become self-actualized. A fully functioning person lives their best life at the moment and has a flexible self-concept, openness to experience, ability to live in harmony with others, and unconditional regard for the self.
Fact Sheet Instructions for Written Summaries of Psychotherapy Modalities Psychotherapy Modalities Essay Examples
The purpose of this assignment is to create Fact Sheets that summarizes the essential
knowledge about specific therapy modalities: You may choose Psychodynamic,
Cognitive Behavioral, Interpersonal, Dialectical Behavioral therapy and other therapies
as assigned in the course. Each of the three Fact Sheets are your choice of topics from
the assigned readings. The Fact Sheets are any therapies listed in the course. Due
dates are listed on the course calendar. The fact sheet rubric is on the course. The Fact
Sheet length should be 5-7 pages, NOT including the resource page.
The first step will be to read the assigned book chapters from the Wheeler text. Using
the book content as a foundation, you should then expand your knowledge by using
other readings and resources outside of class to supplement your information.
Fact Sheet Components:
The fact sheet will consist of 5 different areas:
Overview of the Therapy
Briefly summarize/define the therapy, including key components,
assumptions, and historical background and major theorists Thorough overview
covering all 5 descriptors (summary, key components, assumptions, background,
Name the specific therapeutic techniques/interventions that are used to deliver
Therapy. At least 4 different techniques correctly described
Describe methods for evaluating treatment effectiveness AND evidence based predictors associated with positive outcomes. At least 3 research
Studies reporting known predictors of effective treatment
Describe evidenced-based application of the therapy for specific disorders
and/or populations. Summary of at least 2 evidence-based studies applying
treatment to specific disorders or populations
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Provide a list of resources for further training in the therapy modality. List contains at
least 4 resources outside of course material
Completion of the Fact Sheet
The fact sheet should be completed with all of the required components in the order
listed on the rubric. Label the fact sheet with your name, the name of the therapy and
which Fact Sheet number you are submitting. Psychotherapy Modalities Essay Examples
Bennion, M. R., Hardy, G. E., Moore, R. K., Kellett, S., & Millings, A. (2020). Usability, acceptability, and effectiveness of web-based conversational agents to facilitate problem solving in older adults: controlled study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(5), e16794.
Cooper, M., Stafford, M. R., Saxon, D., Beecham, J., Bonin, E. M., Barkham, M., … & Ryan, G. (2021). Humanistic counselling plus pastoral care as usual versus pastoral care as usual for the treatment of psychological distress in adolescents in UK state schools (ETHOS): a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 5(3), 178-189.
Gelso, C. J. (2018). The therapeutic relationship in psychotherapy practice: An integrative perspective. Routledge.
Joseph, S. (2019). Posttraumatic growth as a process and an outcome: Vexing problems and paradoxes seen from the perspective of humanistic psychology. The Humanistic Psychologist.
Markowitz, J. C., Milrod, B., Heckman, T. G., Bergman, M., Amsalem, D., Zalman, H., … & Neria, Y. (2021). Psychotherapy at a distance. American Journal of Psychiatry, 178(3), 240-246. Psychotherapy Modalities Essay Examples
Qiu, H., & Tay, D. (2021). A Mixed-Method Comparison of Therapist and Client Language across Four Therapeutic Approaches. Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 1-24.
Renger, S., & Macaskill, A. (2021). Developing the foundations for a learning-based humanistic therapy. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 00221678211007668.
Stafford, M. R., Cooper, M., Barkham, M., Beecham, J., Bower, P., Cromarty, K., … & Street, C. (2018). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of humanistic counselling in schools for young people with emotional distress (ETHOS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 19(1), 1-16.
Wheeler, K. (2013). Psychotherapy for the advanced practice psychiatric nurse: A how-to guide for evidence-based practice. Springer Publishing Company. Psychotherapy Modalities Essay Examples