Syphilis Assignment Discussion Paper

Syphilis Assignment Discussion Paper


Syphilis remains a globally well-known infectious disease with approximately 10-12 million new infections annually according to the World Health Organization. It has in the recent past decades re-emerged as a significant disease of public significance in the United States since early infections often result in significant morbidity. Besides, research has also indicated that infection with syphilis facilitates HIV transmission (Nyatsanza & Tipple, 2016). Among infants, congenital syphilis is still among the leading causes of childhood mortalities, morbidities, and stillbirths. As a sexually transmitted illness that is only present among humans, syphilis is caused by Treponema pallidum, which is a spirochete. It presents with a wide range of symptoms and this is what makes it difficult to make a diagnosis based on a patient’s clinical presentation (Nyatsanza & Tipple, 2016).  Syphilis Assignment Discussion Paper


            This paper discusses the signs, symptoms and diagnostic tests of Syphilis. A description of the treatment, patient education, prevention and follow-up care that should be given to patients will also be discussed. This knowledge is important in clinical practice as it promotes the ability to make a definite diagnosis and institute proper management for a patient’s full recovery.

Signs, Symptoms and Diagnostic Tests

            The classic signs and symptoms of syphilis may present in either the primary, secondary or latent stage. In the primary stage, the major sign is a small chancre which presents at the bacteria’s entry point and this may happen approximately 3weeks after being exposed to the bacteria. The chancre is usually painless and gradually heals on its own in 3-6 weeks. Afterward, patients will report experiencing a rash over the trunk, soles of the feet and palms of the hand (Nyatsanza & Tipple, 2016). The rash is rarely itchy and can be accompanied by sores over the genitals and the mouth. Other patients may experience hair loss, a fever, swollen lymph nodes, muscle aches and a sore throat, which is the secondary stage.  If treatment is not initiated, a patient moves to the latent phase where patients present with no symptoms and lasts for several years then the tertiary phase where vital organs such as the brain, liver, kidneys, and blood vessels are affected.

            According to the Centers for Disease Control, the diagnostic standard for syphilis is observing a patient’s clinical features and undertaking blood serological tests. A more accurate diagnosis can be made using at least a non-treponemal antigen test and a treponemal antigen test. For the former, either a VDRL (Venereal Disease Research Laboratory) of RPR (Rapid Plasma Reagin) are highly recommended (Morshed & Singh, 2015). However, in most clinical scenarios, non-treponemal tests are used to assess a patient’s response to treatment but may also be used for diagnosis. For the latter, either a TPHA (Treponema pallidum haemagglutination test) or a TPPA (Treponema Pallidum Particle Agglutination Test) is highly recommended (Morshed & Singh, 2015).  Syphilis Assignment Discussion Paper

Treatment, Patient Education, Prevention and Follow-Up Care

            According to Stamm (2015), syphilis is best treated using Benzathine penicillin G which is administered intramuscularly. The duration of treatment, however, depends on the stage that a patient presents in. For instance, in the primary and secondary stage, a monthly injection is enough to get cured. However, in tertiary syphilis, multiple injections may be administered on weekly intervals. During treatment, patients should be educated to avoid any sexual contact until the completion of treatment and a final blood test is done to confirm that the disease has totally been cured (Stamm, 2015). Alternative prevention measures that patients should be informed of include: abstaining from sex, maintaining a single sex partner and having regular screening, having protected sexual intercourse and avoiding the use of drugs which potentially influence a person to engage in unsafe sex. Patients should also be informed that once cured, it is still possible to contract the disease again.


Morshed, M. G., & Singh, A. E. (2015). Recent trends in the serologic diagnosis of syphilis. Clin. Vaccine Immunol., 22(2), 137-147.

Nyatsanza, F., & Tipple, C. (2016). Syphilis: presentations in general medicine. Clinical Medicine, 16(2), 184-188.

Stamm, L. V. (2015). Syphilis: antibiotic treatment and resistance. Epidemiology & Infection, 143(8), 1567-1574. Syphilis Assignment Discussion Paper


Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
hiw 01
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Nursing Papers Writer
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat