Treatment of Anxiety Disorders Essay

Treatment of Anxiety Disorders Essay

Explain the difference between an adjustment disorder and anxiety disorder. Provide examples to illustrate your rationale Treatment of Anxiety Disorders Essay .

Explain the diagnostic criteria for your assigned anxiety disorder.

Explain the evidenced-based psychotherapy and psychopharmacologic treatment for your assigned anxiety disorder.

Support your rationale with references to the Learning Resources or other academic resource.

References (most recent)

The differences between an adjustment disorder and anxiety disorder

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is mental health illness marked by pervasive, extreme worry about many different things (National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, 2015). For example, a man who is worried about his loved ones being in a car accident might insist that they call him when they get home. If they do not call him, he might assume they have been involved in an accident.


            Adjustment disorder is a short-term mental condition that happens when an individual finds it extremely difficult to adjust to, or cope with a certain stress (Casey, 2018). For instance, a woman who has recently lost her job may have an adjustment disorder if she has spent past two months on the couch feeling distressed.  GAD patients continually worry over long periods of time while people with adjustment disorder become symptomatic only when they are experiencing a change in their life

Diagnostic criteria for generalized anxiety disorder

To meet DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for GAD, a person should have excessive worry and anxiety happening more days than not for at least six months, about a range of activities of incidents or events and it’s difficult for the individual to regulate apprehension. Additionally, the worry and anxiety should be connected with at least three of the following signs for a period of the last six months: being fatigued easily, irritability, restlessness, muscle tension, sleep disturbance and difficulty concentrating Treatment of Anxiety Disorders Essay.

Evidence-based psychotherapy and psychopharmacological treatment for general anxiety disorder

GAD can be treated with pharmacotherapy, psychological therapy or a blend of both. According to Bandelow et al (2016), cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is considered as the psychotherapy with the greatest level of evidence.  CBT is based upon evidence that demonstrates that people with GAD engage with overestimations of incidents. First-line medications are serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors in addition to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are first-line medications for treatment of GAD (Bandelowe et al, 2017). And


Bandelow, B., Michaelis, S., & Wedekind, D. (2017). Treatment of anxiety disorders. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 19(2): 93-107.

Casey, P. (2018). Adjustment Disorder: From Controversy to Clinical Practice.  Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Locke, A., Kirst, N., Shultz, C., & Arbor, A. (2015). Diagnosis and Management of Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Panic Disorder in Adults.  American Family Physician, 91(9): 617-624.

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. (2015).Generalized Anxiety in Adults: The NICE Guideline on Management in Primary, Secondary and Community Care. London: Royal College of Psychiatrists. Publications Treatment of Anxiety Disorders Essay.




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