Upper Chronic Cough Syndrome Essay
Upper Chronic Cough Syndrome Essay
What is Upper airway cough syndrome (UACS) diagnose?
UACS is a condition characterized by a chronic and persistent cough that does not abate even after eight weeks. It occurs in 40% of the population. It is resultant of upper respiratory/airway disorders with the patient feeling that something is stuck in the threat to hinder breathing activity. In fact, some patients describe the sensation as having mucus stuck in the throat. In this case, chemical and physical agents act to cause anatomical abnormalities in the pharyngeal system. The causes include viral infection of the upper respiratory tract, perennial rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, vasomotor response, drugs, and irritants. The condition typically coexists with other respiratory ailments. It presents as either chronic rhinosinusitis, nonallergic rhinitis, and allergic rhinitis (Buttaro et al., 2013; Yu et al., 2015)Upper Chronic Cough Syndrome Essay.
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What are the sign and symptoms of UACS?
The symptoms of UACS include a chronic cough that persists for more than seven weeks. Other symptoms include postnasal drip sensation and obstructed throat with sticky mucus-like feeling. Although there are no symptoms that are unique to the condition, the combination of non-pathognomonic results (eliminating other options), history, physical examination, imaging and response to initial therapy would ascertain the presence of the condition though with some possibility of diagnostic error since a confirmatory diagnosis is not possible. Other symptoms of the condition include sore throat, difficulty in breathing, wheezing, congested sinus and nasal passages, frequent spitting, throat clearing, and nasal discharge (Buttaro et al., 2013).
What are treatments of UACS?
Treatment for UCAS is dependent on the condition’s presentation. Presentation as chronic rhinosinusitis is treated using nasal steroids, purulent antibiotics, 14/15-member ring macroline, and first-generation antihistamine and first-generation decongestant. Presentation as nonallergic rhinitis is treated using first-generation antihistamine and first-generation decongestant. Presentation as allergic rhinitis is treated using new generation antihistamine and new generation decongestant, and nasal steroids (Yu et al., 2015).
What will you teach Patient’s about UACS and how can it be prevented?
Patient education would first present an overview of the condition. Next is a summary of its causes to include acid reflux, asthma, postnasal drip, eosonophilic bronchitis, and lung cancer. This would be followed by diagnostic approaches to include testing for acid reflux and lung function, as well as lung imaging. The patient would then be informed about treatment options available. Finally, the patient would be informed about available public resources and where to get more information on the condition (Silvestri & Weinberger, 2018)Upper Chronic Cough Syndrome Essay.
Buttaro, T., Trybulski, J., Bailey, P. & Sandberg-Cook, J. (2013). Primary care: a collaborative practice (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier/Mosby.
Silvestri, R. & Weinberger, S. (2018). Patient education: Chronic cough in adults (Beyond the Basics). Retrieved from https://www.uptodate.com/contents/chronic-cough-in-adults-beyond-the-basics
Yu, L., Xu, X., Lv, H. & Qiu, Z. (2015). Advances in upper airway cough syndrome. The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, 31(5), 223-228. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1607551X15000212 Upper Chronic Cough Syndrome Essay.